What Vaccinations Does my Dog & Cat Need?

by Deb Morrison / Pet Owner Advice / 27 Sep 2016

What Vaccinations Does my Dog & Cat Need?

Why does my pet need vaccinations?

Preventing your pet from contracting serious diseases is one of the best things you can do as a responsible pet owner.  Vaccinations help you avoid heartbreak (if they catch a fatal disease) as well as the money spent on fighting the diseases that could have been avoided in the first place. 

How do vaccinations work?

Vaccinations encourage the body of your pet to create antibodies in their blood and stimulate their immune system.   There are germs in the vaccine which are weak or dead. Some vaccinations don’t even contain any type of germs, but they try and 'mimic' the germs.

How often does my pet need vaccinations?

The schedule or frequency of your pets vaccination depends on your pet and the brand and type of vaccine drug your Vet has chosen to give, the age of your dog or cat and whether they are a puppy or kitten, and also their lifestyle and environment.  

Since kittens and puppies havent been exposed to most diseases, a series of injections will be usually required to build up resistance against a core disease.  For example, when I took my own puppy, Milly, to get her vaccinations, there were an initial 3 needles she needed to get over a period of months.  The Sherwood Vet I went to recommended 3 needles. The first at around 6-8 weeks, the second at around 10-12 weeks, and the third around 14-16 weeks

The Vet will usually also give you a vaccination booklet or certificate - this is an important document and will be referred to over your pet's lifetime so keep it in a safe place, and upload it to your pet's profile.

Long term, the Australian Vet Association, advise that core vaccines don't need to be given any more than every 3 years to boost your pets immunity.  We recommend speaking to your own Vet to get the right advice.

What are core vaccinations?

Core vaccinations (also known as 'primary' vaccinations) are ones that protect against global diseases.  

For for dogs, global diseases are:  Canine parvovirus, Canine distemper virus, and Canine adenovirus. 

For for cats, global diseases are: Feline Herpesvirus, Feline Parvovirus, and Feline Calicivirus


Your vet may also consider incorporating the FIV vaccine into your cat’s program. For more information on vaccinating your feline friend, please contact your local Vet.

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